Android developers can use the ADB tool to control and extract information from an Android device. This tool is normally used on your development machine, but I embedded ADB into Bugjaeger, so that I can use ADB features directly on my Android device. ADB offers a lot functionality that is only available to a privileged user on Android. It allows you to install and remove apps, delete files, execute shell commands, and many other things. This makes it a very versatile tool, but it also introduces some additional complexity. I tried to make Bugjaeger as easy and intuitive as possible, but I also didn't want to remove features only to make the UI too simple. In this post I want to show some possibilities that you have with Bugjaeger that you might not know about, or just features that you might not find that easily within the UI.
Permissions and Initial Connection
I mentioned this step in my previous posts, but I'll quickly summarize it here for the sake of completeness. These are the initial steps that you need to perform in order to work with another connected device.
Enable developer options and USB debugging on the target Android device
Plug the USB OTG Cable into the target Android device
Confirm the USB dialog on the Android device with Bugjaeger ("host") installed. Android usually displays an additional system popup when you connect a new USB device to your Android device with USB host support. If you click on the check box to make Bugjaeger the default app for handling this type of ADB device, the system USB popup should not appear the next time you reconnect the same USB device.
- Give authorization for USB debugging on the target device. You might tick the checkbox next to "Always allow from this computer", so that you don't need to confirm the authorization dialog every time you plug in the USB cable.
Executing Custom Shell Commands With Bugjaeger
Bugjaeger currently offers 2 options to run shell scripts
1.) You can add and save your custom command on the first Commands screen. To create a new command click on to plus button in the top toolbar. Next you need to insert a name for this command and the actual shell commands that will be executed. Remember that Bugjaeger already prepends
adb shell in front of your commands, so you should not append that part (you might be used to it when working with ADB).
2.) Start the interactive shell from Commands section -
Simulating Taps, Swipes, and Keyboard Input
Android devices usually contain the
input executable that can be used to simulate user input from various sources like keyboard, mouse, or touchpad.
To simulate swipe to the right you can enter the following command (see above section on how to enter custom commands)
input touchscreen swipe 1000 1000 0 1000
The numbers at the end are the starting and ending coordinates for the swipe - startX, startY, endX, endY.
To tap to a specific location on screen
input touchpad tap 500 500
Another thing you can do is to type in some text
input text "bugjaeger"
You can also simulate input by entering keycodes. For example to lock the screen by simulating the press of the power button you can do the following
input keyevent KEYCODE_POWER
Here the keyevent doesn't have to mean an actual hardware button present on your device. It can also trigger some functionality for which there is no button actually present on you device. For examle - using
KEYCODE_MUSIC should start a music player app, or
KEYCODE_VOLUME_MUTE should mute the speaker on your device.
You can find more keycodes in the official documentation.
To combine multiple commands you can do the following
input keyevent KEYCODE_POWER & input touchscreen swipe 500 500 5000
This would simulate power button press and a swipe up, which would unlock the screen (if there is no lock setup or similar).
For more options that you can use with the
input command, just execute the command by itself.
Get Memory Information For Specific App
To dump some detailed information related to apps memory usage
dumpsys meminfo <package_name> -d
<package_name> with the package name of the app you are interested in. You can use my Power Apk app to get the package name of specific app installed on your Android device.
This is the output for Bugjaeger whose package name is
Applications Memory Usage (in Kilobytes): Uptime: 403991493 Realtime: 1459783227 ** MEMINFO in pid 15807 [eu.sisik.hackendebug] ** Pss Private Private SwapPss Heap Heap Heap Total Dirty Clean Dirty Size Alloc Free ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ ------ Native Heap 2843 2736 0 7 10240 4390 5849 Dalvik Heap 701 528 64 15 5307 1211 4096 Dalvik Other 904 904 0 0 Stack 252 252 0 0 Other dev 4 0 4 0 .so mmap 367 76 20 30 .apk mmap 10078 9648 72 0 .dex mmap 1180 4 148 0 .oat mmap 95 0 4 0 .art mmap 4378 3864 308 1 Other mmap 10 4 0 0 Unknown 290 232 28 0 TOTAL 21155 18248 648 53 15547 5601 9945 App Summary Pss(KB) ------ Java Heap: 4700 Native Heap: 2736 Code: 9972 Stack: 252 Graphics: 0 Private Other: 1236 System: 2259 TOTAL: 21155 TOTAL SWAP PSS: 53 Objects Views: 0 ViewRootImpl: 0 AppContexts: 2 Activities: 0 Assets: 16 AssetManagers: 2 Local Binders: 10 Proxy Binders: 12 Parcel memory: 3 Parcel count: 12 Death Recipients: 1 OpenSSL Sockets: 0 WebViews: 0 SQL MEMORY_USED: 206 PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW: 29 MALLOC_SIZE: 117 DATABASES pgsz dbsz Lookaside(b) cache Dbname 4 108 109 28/35/15 /data/user/0/eu.sisik.hackendebug/databases/google_app_measurement.db
To get overall memory usage stats
Or to get detailed overall summary for all packages
Getting Network Information
You can use
ifconfig to dump some basic information related to your network adapters.
You can then use the names of the available adapter to get some more information with the
ip addr show wlan0
This will display IP addresses of your WiFi adapter.
Finding Available Services to Dump Information From
To list all available services for dumpsys use the following command
adb shell dumpsys -l
Loading a Link in Browser or Youtube
am utility allows you to broadcast intents that can trigger various actions in the system. One of the cool things you can do is to start the browser with a provided URL
am start -a android.intent.action.VIEW -d "https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LxKdFlf4Y7E"
The command above will probably start the Youtube app with a link to my video. You can replace the link with something other than Youtube video and you should be able to start the default browser app also.
Record Screen Into a Video File
Bugjaeger already has a section where you can grab a screenshot of the screen (
Screencap section). However, ADB also allows you to record a video from what is happening on the target device's screen. I didn't make this functionality available directly from the UI, yet. But you can still record a video by executing the following command
screenrecord utility will start to record a video. The vide should stop to record after about 3 minutes. You can also stop it earlier by clicking on the pause/stop button next to your custom command.
Once the video has been recorded, you can download it from the device by going to
Files section in Bugjaeger and typing
/data/local/tmp. Here you should be able to find the
screen.mp4 on the list. Click the download icon next to the file name and choose your preferred download location. Remember that you'll need to give storage permission to Bugjaeger, so that it can store the file in external storage.
Running Privileged ADB Commands Directly on Device With Bugjaeger Installed
Bugjaeger uses ADB protocol to issue some commands that would normally require root access. Normally you would first need to connect a "target" device to the device where you have Bugjaeger installed and only then you would be able to issue commands to control this target device.
It turns out it is possible to actually run ADB commands directly on the device where Bugjaeger is installed. This however requires some initial configuration. First you need to tell the
adbd daemon running on your Android device to listen for TCP/IP connections. Bugjaeger contains the client and server part of ADB. ADB server automatically checks for local devices within a certain port range (this is how it finds the Android emulator on your development computer). Once the
adbd daemon enables TCP/IP connection, the ADB server tries to connect (thinking it's connecting to the emulator).
To enable TCP/IP connection you need to connect the Android device that has Bugjaeger installed to your computer and execute the following ADB command (you need to have ADB installed)
adb tcpip 5555
Alternatively, you can install Bugjaeger to another Android device, connect the two devices with USB OTG cable, and then in the command section of Bugjaeger app execute "Connect through WiFi" command.
After a couple of seconds, the regular authorization dialog for ADB device should appear.
This setup should persist until you reboot the device or until you disable Developer options.
Changing File Permissions
I didn't make this functionality available through the file manager inside of the app yet, but you can easily change file permissions through a custom command or trough the interactive shell. To check the current permissions for a file
ls -al /path/to/file
This was the output on my phone
drwxrwx--x 2 shell shell 4096 2019-03-02 17:45 . drwxr-x--x 4 root root 4096 1970-02-13 00:55 .. -rwxrwxrwx 1 shell shell 13 2019-02-18 22:45 android.example.com.tflitecamerademo-build-id.txt -rw-rw-r-- 1 shell shell 52493 2019-02-17 10:44 bugjaeger_screenshot.png ...
Here we see the regular Linux permissions for file owner, group and all other users. We can see that other users are not able to change the
bugjaeger_screenshot.png file (
r__ in the last part of permission column).
Let's now change permissions to
bugjaeger_screenshot.png to make it writable to all users
chmod 666 /data/local/tmp/bugjaeger_screenshot.png
Now the permissions look like this
-rw-rw-rw- 1 shell shell 52493 2019-02-17 10:44 /data/local/tmp/bugjaeger_screenshot.png
A quick reminder what the numbers after
|Position 1||Position 2||Position 3|